ABUKARA, ABRAHAM BEN MOSES (d. 1879), Tunisian rabbi. Abukara was probably the grandson of Abraham Abukara (d. 1817), one of the scholars of Tunis, who in 1803 signed a regulation introducing uniformity in various religious practices. A profound scholar, Abraham wrote a commentary and novellae on the Shulḥan Arukh, Yoreh De'ah, in four parts. The first part, Beit ha-Safek (on the laws in case of "doubt"), was published by his relative Jacob b. Elijah Abukara, who added an introduction under the title Ben Avraham (Leghorn, 1882). The other parts were lost. Jacob also published the Issur ve-Hetter of jeroham b. meshullam from a manuscript in the collection of Abraham, together with Ben Avraham. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Cazès, Notes bibliographiques sur la littérature juive-tunisienne (1893), 29–32; B. Wachstein, Mafte'aḥ ha-Hespedim, 1 (1922), 3; Hirschberg, Afrikah, 2 (1965), 135; Ta-Shema, in: Sinai, 64 (1969).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • JEROHAM BEN MESHULLAM — (c. 1290–1350), Spanish talmudist. Born in Provence, he was a victim of the expulsion of the Jews from France in 1306, and wandered in various countries until he arrived in Toledo, Spain, where, living in utter poverty, he continued his studies… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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